Other Brain Conditions

Chiari Malformation

An abnormality caused by low lying part of the brain called the cerebellum. This can result in limited spinal fluid circulation and can lead to headaches, neck pain and weakness in severe cases. Surgery to widen the opening in the back of the skull may be necessary to treat symptomatic patients.

Trigeminal neuralgia

Patients usually present with severe shock-like pain near the middle to lower part of the jaw/face. Imaging studies such as CT or MRI scans are necessary to rule out other structural causes for facial pain. In some cases, a vessel can be seen in close relationship with the nerve involved.


Implies ‘water on the brain’. Typically result from blockage in spinal fluid drainage pathway or overproduction of spinal fluid. Symptomatic patients can be treated with removal of the obstruction or draining of the spinal fluid using a shunting device.